Pearl Harbor History and Information

  • USS Sea Dog (SS-401) Operation Barney: Revenge for a Lost Submarine - Today, the Bowfin submarine is a museum ship and memorial park, one of the Pearl Harbor Historic Sites. Launched one year to the day after the attack on Pearl Harbor, she spent the next two and a half years living up to her nickname, the Pearl Harbor Avenger. Her ninth—and final—World War II patrol was as […]
  • Sign announcing construction of the Arizona Memorial How Was the USS Arizona Memorial Paid For? - Have you ever wondered where the money comes from to finance the memorials commemorating events like the attack on Pearl Harbor? The USS Arizona Memorial has been the centerpiece of Pearl Harbor tours for more than 50 years, having been dedicated on May 30, 1962. A primary target during the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack […]
  • Rationing in the US: ration stamps World War II and Rationing in the US - A great deal changed the moment Japan dropped the first bombs on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. The United States, a nation that for years had followed to a policy of isolationism, found itself forced into a war it had long sought to avoid. In order to succeed, the nation would have to adapt […]
  • Avenge USS Helena War Bond appeal 1943 Wreckage of USS Helena Located - On April 11, 2018, a research team headed by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen discovered the wreckage of the USS Helena (CL-50, the team’s third World War II-era shipwreck discovery of the year. The St. Louis-class light cruiser was commissioned into the US Navy on September 18, 1939 and served until her sinking on July 6, […]
  • USS Nevada (BB-36) beached on Hospital Point Pearl Harbor Hero Chief Boatswain Edwin Hill - On the morning of December 7, 1941, an aerial striking force of the Imperial Japanese Navy launched a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, in the US Territory of Hawaii. In the chaos and horror that ensued, there were men who were able to keep their wits and help those around them, putting their own lives […]
  • Mitsubishi A6M Zero over China, May 1941 Pearl Harbor Scourge: Mitsubishi A6M Zero - On December 7, 1941, the Japanese A6M Zero Model 21 manufactured by Mitsubishi was one of the most iconic participants in the attack on Pearl Harbor. While the bombers inflicted the bulk of the damage, the Zero fighter planes kept the American forces at bay, strafing battleship decks and airfields to maximize the deadly efficiency […]
  • Men enlisting in response to Pearl Harbor Calvin Graham – The Youngest Recruit - The shock and trauma of Pearl Harbor wasn’t only felt by adults. As news of the December 7, 1941 surprise Japanese attack spread across the United States, kids and adults alike all waited with racing hearts to hear what had happened, what the cause was, and if they should prepare themselves for additional attacks. Among […]
  • USS Lexington (CV-2) Absent by Fate: USS Lexington and Pearl Harbor - The USS Lexington (CV-2), an iconic warship of the US Navy, wasn’t originally intended to be an aircraft carrier. When her construction was first authorized, in 1916, she was meant to be a battlecruiser. Her keel wasn’t laid down until 1921, as anti-submarine vessels and merchant ships took priority. This delay ultimately saved the Fore River […]
  • B-17s over Hickam Field, Summer 1941 Learning About the Military Airfields of Oahu - Toward the end of the First World War, the United States began to focus on strengthening its defense of the West Coast. Having had virtually no military presence in the Pacific in the lead-up to the war, the US began building a series of bases in the Territory of Hawaii. Here’s the story of some […]
  • Pacific Aviation Museum at Ford Island American Aviation History on Ford Island - Most tours of Pearl Harbor include stops at the museums and monuments on Ford Island. Located in the middle of Pearl Harbor, Ford Island is a 441-acre island that’s prominent in both Hawaiian culture and American history. While it’s best known as the location of Battleship Row, the scene of massive destruction during the Japanese […]
  • USS Juneau (CL-52) USS Juneau: Another Historic Find for RV Petrel - On March 17, 2018, an autonomous underwater vehicle operating from the Research Vessel Petrel discovered the wreckage of the American light cruiser USS Juneau (CL-52). The explorations of the Petrel are led by Paul Allen, the philanthropist and Microsoft co-founder. During her journeys in the South Pacific, Petrel has also been responsible for locating the remains of the USS […]
  • jellyfish bomb Map Balloons of War: The Japanese Fu-Go - During the course of World War II, all sides had their own secret projects intended to give them a strategic edge. The United States was working on a massive bomb that could put an immediate end to the conflict. In Japan, researchers were hard at work on Fu-Go, a unique weapon that, on the surface, […]
  • US seaplane tenders USS Curtiss (AV-4) Learning Pearl Harbor: What Were Seaplane Tenders? - The classifications of navy ships don’t require much explanation. Battleships are vessels designed specifically for battle. Aircraft carriers transport airplanes across the ocean. Destroyers, like battleships, were intended specifically for combat. So it shouldn’t be difficult to guess what purpose seaplane tenders were built for. As early as the First World War, these vessels were […]
  • Mark 14 Torpedo The Mark 14 Torpedo: Problem Child of the US Navy - In the early months of World War II, the US Navy was finding it difficult to get a leg up on their Japanese opponents. One of the thorniest issues was a piece of weaponry used by American submarines throughout 1942 and 1943. Though the United States had turned the tide of the war by the […]
  • Paul Allen Paul Allen and the Shipwrecks of World War II - When we think about the people who are most instrumental in the preservation of history, we usually think of professional historians and, if we’re lucky, people who lived through world-changing events. When it comes to the history of the attack on Pearl Harbor and World War II, there are men and women who are still […]
  • Emperor Hirohito The Long and Eventful Reign of Hirohito - To many in the Japanese leadership in 1941, there appeared to be only one way to get the United States to back off and allow their expansion across Chinese territories: a military attack to destroy the US Pacific Fleet based at Pearl Harbor. The plan drawn up by Isoroku Yamamoto had the approval of most […]
  • RV Petrel, the vessel the located the wreckage of the USS Lexington Wreckage of the USS Lexington Found - Sunk on May 8, 1942, the aircraft carrier USS Lexington (CV-2) spent more than 75 years on the sea floor under the waters of the Pacific. Previously believed to be lost forever, an expedition led by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen finally located the wreckage of the USS Lexington. Allen’s team, aboard the Research Vessel Petrel off […]
  • Battleship Missouri at Pearl Harbor Iconic Pearl Harbor Ship Gets a Face Lift - Over the course of her years as a museum ship, the Battleship Missouri has been subjected to the natural conditions of Pearl Harbor and wear and tear from her millions of visitors. To ensure she would always look her best, the Mighty Mo recently completed her largest repair and restoration effort in years, ensuring that visitors […]
  • Sinking of Japanese cruiser Mikuma, 6 June, 1942 South West Pacific Theater Key Campaigns of the South West Pacific Theater - During the 1930s, the United States found itself in a situation that would end up changing it forever. Relations between the US and Japan had been strained ever since the latter began their conquests in China and Southeast Asia. Although the Americans tried to maintain their policy of non-intervention, they eventually found themselves forced into […]
  • American Sports During World War II - For many Americans, sports are a big part of life. Take away any of the major American sports, be it baseball, football, basketball, or hockey, and you’re going to have a lot of angry people. Sports have always played a big role in American culture. In the 1940s, for example, boxing, football, baseball, and horse […]
  • USS Sotoyomo (YT-9) USS Sotoyomo: The Oldest Ship at Pearl Harbor - The attack on Pearl Harbor that unfolded on December 7, 1941 left the United States reeling. More than 2,400 lives were lost, and massive damage was inflicted on the ships in the harbor and hundreds of aircraft at bases across Oahu. It was an attack intended to completely cripple the US Pacific Fleet, but American resilience […]
  • Hangar 37 NAS Ford Island during Pearl Harbor attack The History of Hangar 37 on Ford Island - Getting to know every element of a place as rich in history as Pearl Harbor can be a daunting task. When planning a visit to this important site and the many exhibits and memorials contained within, it helps to have some background understanding of what awaits. Many people already have at least some knowledge about […]
  • Type 99 Carrier Bomber (Val) Why Was the Attack on Sunday, December 7? - It’s been described as a “quiet Sunday morning in December.” Sunday, December 7, 1941 is a day that will forever be remembered as the day Japan attacked the United States. The quiet of that Sunday morning was shattered when an aerial striking force of the Imperial Japanese Navy flew into Pearl Harbor, wreaking devastation and […]
  • USS New Orleans (CA-32) Powerless at Pearl Harbor: USS New Orleans - It was a worst-case scenario, one that couldn’t have been prepared for because it seemed so unlikely. And yet on the morning of December 7, 1941, the men of the USS New Orleans (CA-32) were forced to try and do the impossible – survive a surprise aerial attack without power. As the sun rose on […]
  • Jim Downing visits Pearl Harbor, December 2016 Pearl Harbor Survivor Jim Downing Passes Away - Jim Downing was a man who embraced his status as a survivor of the December 7, 1941 Pearl Harbor attack. It was a rare occasion when he wouldn’t take the opportunity to discuss not only the events he lived through but the impact they had on the nation and his fellow servicemembers. Downing was much […]
  • USS Arizona Memorial Tour Is Pearl Harbor Accessible for People with Disabilities? - On December 7, 1941, a fleet of Japanese fighters and bombers flew into Hawaiian airspace, with the US naval base at Pearl Harbor as its primary target. The two-hour attack was a tragedy forever ingrained in American history. Today, this world-changing event and the war that followed are explored at the World War II Valor […]
  • Smith's Union Bar Smith’s Union Bar – USS Arizona’s Watering Hole - When most people think of Hawaii, they think of sun-drenched beaches, breathtaking waterfalls, water sports, and swaying palm trees. But Hawaii is also home to a lot of history, including one of the most devastating events to ever occur on American soil. When the forces of Imperial Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, destroying mighty ships and […]
  • Doris Miller receiving Navy Cross from Admiral Chester Nimitz Black History Month: Doris Miller, American Hero - During the attack on Pearl Harbor on the morning of December 7, 1941, many heroes stepped forward, putting their lives at risk in order to assist their fellow serviceman. Among them was a Cook Third Class named Doris Miller, an African-American sailor who had started his day serving breakfast to the crewmen aboard the USS […]
  • Crew of the USS Missouri (SSN-780) manning the rails to honor USS Missouri BB-63) Pearl Harbor’s New USS Missouri - Just off the southeastern coast of Ford Island, overlooking the wreckage of the USS Arizona and the memorial that stands above, sits a mighty battleship of the US Navy. The USS Missouri (BB-63) was commissioned into service in June of 1944, meaning she served just over a year in World War II, and yet she […]
  • Word War 2 Submarine Learning Pearl Harbor: What Is a Submarine? - Submarine history begins long before the 20th century, but it was during World War I that they became a true staple of naval warfare. In both World War I and World War II, their presence was heavily felt in the Atlantic with German U-Boats causing significant losses to Allied vessels, and though the December 7, […]
  • The US Coast Guard Cutter Tiger - In the early morning hours of December 7, 1941, a quiet Sunday in Hawaii, the United States Coast Guard Cutter Tiger was patrolling the waters just outside the naval base at Pearl Harbor. Expecting nothing but peace and calm throughout the day, the Tiger’s crew went about their business as the sun began to break […]
  • Pacific Aviation Museum at Sunset Pacific Aviation Museum’s Hangar 37 - During the course of American aviation history, the aerial fleet of the US military has undergone vast changes to keep up with the changing demands of warfare. Aircraft that were once simple flying machines have evolved into complex and powerful planes capable of delivering deadly payloads that could level cities. The Pacific Aviation Museum at […]
  • Learning Pearl Harbor: Naval Terms and Words To Know - Reading through accounts of the Pearl Harbor attack can sometimes feel like you’re reading a different language. Naval terms like “aft,” “stern,” and “moored” pop up often, but since they aren’t used in everyday conversation, it’s understandable to not know exactly what they mean. Words like these—and many others—help enrich the picture of the Pearl […]
  • Options for Eating at Pearl Harbor - You may be concerned that, because you’re visiting a place so full of historical importance, you won’t have many options for eating at Pearl Harbor. While visiting Pearl Harbor may not be an all-day affair for some, most visitors choose to spend a lot of time here, whether by purchasing the Passport to Pearl Harbor […]
  • USS Bowfin A Visit to Pearl Harbor Even the Kids Will Enjoy - Visiting Pearl Harbor includes dealing with some heavy themes that some parents may worry are too much for their kids. From the losses suffered that day to the war that followed, it can difficult for younger minds to fully comprehend, but that doesn’t mean they can’t get the most out of a visit to Pearl […]
  • Learning Pearl Harbor: What Is an Aircraft Carrier? - USS Enterprise (CV-6), USS Lexington (CV-2), USS Saratoga (CV-3). Looking through the list of ships that were moored at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941—and it’s a long list of battleships, cruisers, destroyers, repair ships, and others—you’ll find that these three vessels were elsewhere that morning. These three US Navy vessels were powerful aircraft carriers, […]
  • USS West Virginia The Mighty Wee Vee – USS West Virginia - Next in our ongoing look at the ships of Pearl Harbor, here’s a look at the USS West Virginia (BB-48): USS West Virginia Specs: Overall Length: 624’ Maximum Displacement: 32,100 tons (33,060 tons w/ a full load) Speed: 21 knots Armament: Before reconstruction: 8 x 16” .45 caliber guns; 12 x 5” .51 caliber guns; […]
  • America’s Response to Pearl Harbor – An Unexpected First Target - The United States spent the first years of World War II keeping its military out of the conflict. Though it lent aid to the British, it refused to outright join and declare war on any of the Axis powers. From 1939 to 1941, the nation was able to maintain its isolationism. Then came December 7, […]
  • In Memoriam: Pearl Harbor Survivors We Lost in 2017 - Just over seventy-six years ago, the United States suffered the loss of more than 2,400 Americans in a devastating attack that would force the nation into World War II and change the world forever. Sadly, with each passing year the nation loses more of the brave servicemen who survived the Japanese surprise attack on Pearl […]
  • Was the Pearl Harbor Attack Inspired by a Novel? - Inspiration can come from anywhere and produce unpredictable results. An artist might draw inspiration from the most mundane object. A writer can come up with a fantastical idea based on real events. And possibly, a military official could come up with the idea for a deadly surprise attack from a 16-year-old novel. When Hector Bywater wrote […]
  • Pearl Harbor Defender: Curtiss P-40 Warhawk - Within Hangar 79 of the Pacific Aviation Museum on Ford Island, visitors have a unique opportunity to see a warplane that once defended Pearl Harbor from the Japanese surprise attack. The Curtiss P-40 Warhawk on display is one of the more than 14,000 that were built during the course of World War II. One of […]
  • Times crossword Pearl Harbor and the New York Times Crossword Puzzle - Sometimes, the most unexpected things can emerge from war. Unexpected friendships bloom. Romance can find its way across oceans and lead to lasting love. Sometimes, an individual even changes the course of his life entirely and, as seen with Japanese pilot Mitsuo Fuchida, make his home in a nation once considered the enemy. War and […]
  • Learning Pearl Harbor: What Is a Battleship? - When you visit the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument, you hear a lot about the battleships that were moored along the southeastern shore of Ford Island on December 7, 1941, the day the Imperial Japanese Navy launched their devastating attack. The battleships became the main focus of the attack as Japan […]
  • Arizona Memorial Crew presenting Flowers Japan’s Plans After Pearl Harbor - It was a question that many pondered after Japan left the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor in ruins. “Why did this happen?” And with more than 2,400 American lives taken during the attack, the nation collectively needed an answer. The answer turned out to be that Japan, fearing the United States would get […]
  • Battleship Missouri at Pearl Harbor USS Missouri – From Warship to Museum Ship - On June 11, 1944, the USS Missouri (BB-63) joined the hundreds of other ships on the US Naval Vessel Register. For the next 15 months, she would serve in the Pacific Theater, battling the persistent Imperial Japanese Navy as the Allies started to dominate in the Pacific. At the end of her service—which came 47 […]
  • Pearl Harbor Visitor Center A Guide to the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center - It starts with a figurative step back in time. Arriving through the main entrance of the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center, you come first to the Aloha Court. As the name implies, this is where you start your journey back to the 1940s. The Pearl Harbor Visitor Center is your first stop on your trek across […]
  • USS Neosho USS Neosho – From Pearl Harbor to the South Pacific - Stretching 463 miles, cutting through Oklahoma and Kansas, is the Neosho River. Dozens of towns call the banks of the Neosho home, but it’s an otherwise unremarkable waterway in the heart of the United States. What makes the Neosho memorable, however, are the ships of the US Navy that bore its name. The most notable […]
  • Honouliuli Honouliuli National Monument: A Reminder of World War II Internment - Not long after the United States suffered the loss of 2,403 lives in under two hours on the island of Oahu, a cold wind of anger tainted by prejudice washed over the United States. Japan was the perpetrator of the devastation left behind after the Dec. 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, but many Americans […]
  • The United States, Japan, and Baseball - For well over a century, baseball has been considered America’s pastime, though it long ago spread from the United States to many nations around the world. Since the early twentieth century, years before the United States was dragged into World War II, Japan and the United States shared a love for at least one thing […]
  • A Civilian Pearl Harbor Hero - Discussions about the heroes of Pearl Harbor usually focus on the uniformed personnel at the naval base at the time of the Dec. 7, 1941 attack. These men, who put their lives on the line to protect the nation, have been recognized annually since the first anniversary of the attack, in 1942. In 2017, on […]
  • Mitsubishi A6M Zero taking off on route to Pearl Harbor, December 7. 1941 Pearl Harbor Terms to Know - The attack on Pearl Harbor was a devastating chapter in American history, and as it recedes farther back in time it becomes ever more important to know what happened on that fateful morning. To gain a fuller understanding of the tragic events of Dec. 7, 1941, it’s helpful to know the following Pearl Harbor terms. […]
  • Wreckage of the USS Ward Found - On the morning of Dec. 7, 1941, the United States came under fire by a fleet of planes from Imperial Japanese Navy aircraft carriers. The attack resulted in the loss of 2,403 American lives and the start of World War II for the United States. But hours before the tragedy unfolded, a skirmish occurred that […]
  • Remembering Pearl Harbor – 76 Years Later - A droplet of oil spreads on the glassy surface of the harbor. Beneath it, a rusting wreckage, a memory of bombs, torpedoes, and machine gun fire. The destruction of the USS Arizona is among the most powerful images produced during the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Each year, the World War II […]
  • Update: 100 USS Oklahoma Victims Identified - On December 2nd, 2017, just five days prior to the 76th anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency announced that it had identified 100 of the men who perished when the USS Oklahoma (BB-37) was destroyed.   The Attack On the morning of December 7th, 1941, radar showed a large […]
  • USS Lexington (CV-2), top, and her sister ship USS Saratoga (CV-3) The Original Aircraft Carriers of the Pacific Fleet - For the United States to succeed in its defense of the Pacific, it needed a powerful fighting force and a lot of determination. The nation’s response to the December 7th, 1941 attack proved that it wouldn’t roll over for the Japanese, but there was still the question of exactly how large a setback the destruction […]
  • Bowfin Submarine Bells of the Bowfin Submarine Museum and Park - First introduced as early as the 18th century, submersible vessels became a staple of warfare in the 20th century. Submarines made their first significant military impact in World War I, specifically as the German U-boats gained notoriety for their action in the Atlantic, disrupting shipping to Britain. During World War II, submarines returned in even […]
  • December 7, 1941 – The Other Oahu Targets - On December 7th, 1941, a striking force of the Imperial Japanese Navy launched a surprise attack on the Pearl Harbor naval base on Oahu. During the course of the two-hour attack, over 2,400 Americans were killed, though not every casualty was on the naval base. Though the Japanese bombers and fighters focused primarily on the […]
  • Pearl Harbor Then and Now - More than 75 years have passed since the devastating attack on Pearl Harbor. On the morning of December 7th, 1941, the American naval base awoke to the sound of gunfire and explosions, the signs of an attack it didn’t know was coming. Forces of the Imperial Japanese Navy, seeking to destroy or, at the very […]
  • Milestones on the Road to Pearl Harbor - On December 7th, the United States will once again commemorate the anniversary of the tragic attack on the Pearl Harbor naval base. Seventy-six years ago, the nation experienced a terrifying day when a fleet of Japanese fighters and bombers flew into Oahu airspace. The attack that followed left over 2,400 American servicemen and civilians dead. […]
  • USS California The Fate of the USS California - Launched in 1919, USS California (BB-44) was a mighty vessel, the flagship of the US Pacific fleet – an honor she held for 20 years from 1921 until 1941. The California was a Tennessee-class battleship, and like her classmate—which was also stationed at Pearl Harbor—she was capable of 21 knots and was armed with 12 14-inch […]
  • The Grumman TBF Avenger: The Bomber That Changed the War - In 1935, the US Navy introduced a torpedo bomber that within just a few years would be obsolete. The Douglas TBD Devastator flew in the Battle of Midway and performed so poorly that, immediately after the battle had concluded, it was pulled from frontline service and replaced with a model introduced in August of 1941. […]
  • The Japanese General Who Opposed Pearl Harbor - When the decision to attack the naval base at Pearl Harbor was brought to the table in response to the American involvement in what Japan considered its Pacific affairs, it’s commonly believed that all of Japan supported the decision. The proud nation felt it was simply protecting its legitimate interests, and planned to remove one […]
  • USS England (DE-635) USS England: Record-Setting Destroyer Escort - On December 7th, 1941, Ensign John Charles England perished during the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. Just four days shy of his twenty-first birthday, England was working in the radio room of the USS Oklahoma when Japanese bombers started hitting their targets. After multiple torpedoes struck the Oklahoma, she capsized into the waters of the […]
  • Battleship Missouri at Pearl Harbor Know Before You Go: Pearl Harbor Essentials Pt. 2 - As you prepare for your journey back to 1941, to the day when the United States felt a stunned sorrow over the loss of 2,403 American lives, you’ll want to have a basic understanding of where you’re going and what you’re going to see. In the first part of our “Essentials of Pearl Harbor,” we […]
  • The Japanese Weapons of Pearl Harbor - There were a lot of military assets involved in the Pearl Harbor attack, from the Mitsubishi A6M Zero fighters to the vessels lined up at Battleship Row. Working in Japan’s favor was not just the fact that nobody at the American naval base knew they were coming, but also some of the armament at its […]
  • USS North Carolina (BB-55) America’s Most Decorated Ship of World War II - Seventy-five years ago, the United States suffered its most devastating attack by a foreign power when a Japanese striking force came in from the Pacific, launching a surprise attack on the naval base at Pearl Harbor. From the attack and the war that followed, heroes were born, but not all of these heroes were flesh […]
  • Catching Up on History Pearl Harbor Survivor Finally Gets His High School Diploma - The 1940s were a very different time in the United States. The opportunities afforded to teenagers today were far less abundant. Many opted to join the military just to have a career plan, while others felt a deeply-rooted patriotism and desire to protect the country. At the age of 16, Ed Hall belonged to the […]
  • Pearl Harbor Aerial View Know Before You Go: The Essentials of Pearl Harbor Pt. 1 - You’ve made all the arrangements for a journey back in time at the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument, and now’s the tie to ensure you have some essential knowledge about the December 7th, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor. The exhibits, museums, and memorials do a great job of detailing the events […]
  • Victory Over Japan Day(s) - On the morning of December 7th, 1941, the United States was stunned when a Japanese strike force of bombers and fighters flew into Pearl Harbor and dropped bombs and torpedoes on the battleships and other vessels moored there. The attack left 2,403 Americans dead, caused the complete destruction of two battleships, and pushed the nation […]
  • Camp Tarawa, Hawaii The Importance of Hawaii During World War II - Though Hawaii wasn’t yet a state, it was one of the most important sites for the United States during the course of World War II in the Pacific. Located between the continental United States and the nation of Japan, Hawaii became the target of Japan’s aggression after the US Pacific Fleet was moved from the […]
  • After the Attack: Rebuilding Pearl Harbor - When the attack on Pearl Harbor ended, two hours after it was launched at 0755 on December 7th, 1941, the Japanese strike force left behind a nightmare scene of destroyed battleships, damaged infrastructure, and over 2,400 Americans dead. Plumes of smoke from fires blazing across the oil-slicked waters were visible from many parts of Honolulu. […]
  • The Deadly Double Ad World War II-Related Guinness World Records - It’s strange to think, but the Guinness World Records even catalogs records related to times of war. For instance, there’s a record for the “First Formal Declaration of War” and the “Oldest World War I Veteran.” Of course, that also means that there are records pertaining to World War II, and they range from tragic […]
  • Pearl Harbor – Waking the Sleeping Giant - Looking over the history of World War II and, specifically the attack on Pearl Harbor, you’ve probably come across a phrase every so often, one that may sound a little silly, considering the circumstances surrounding it, but actually means a lot more than is apparent at first glance. Waking the Sleeping Giant The “sleeping giant” […]
  • Battleship Missouri at Pearl Harbor Your Visit to the Battleship Missouri - Moored at Ford Island in Pearl Harbor is the mighty Battleship Missouri (BB-63), affectionately known as the Mighty Mo, a proud vessel of the US Navy that was launched in January of 1944. Though the Missouri hadn’t even been built when the Japanese launched the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, she did […]
  • The Punchbowl Crater: Beyond the Cemetery Facts About Punchbowl National Cemetery - Where can you go to pay your respects to the thousands of individuals who fought for the protection of the United States? War memorials exist throughout the nation, including the USS Arizona Memorial at Pearl Harbor, but these aren’t the only places accessible to the public that honor the memories of tragic events of the […]
  • The Most Important Thing to See at Pearl Harbor - It would be unrealistic to assume that everyone who comes to Pearl Harbor has the desire—and the time—to see everything the site has to offer. There are dozens of stories to read about, multiple memorials to see, and countless artifacts on display, but not everyone is a history buff wanting to experience it all. If […]
  • USS Cassin The USS Cassin: Pearl Harbor and Beyond - On the morning of December 7, 1941, Japanese bombs fell and torpedoes slashed through the waters of Pearl Harbor, causing a devastating amount of damage to the vessels lined up in Battleship Row in in the dry docks nearby. Each of the seven battleships moored there suffered some degree of damage, some far worse than […]
  • “Just Part of the Job” - In a November 2016 interview with Pearl Harbor survivor John Hughes, the 97-year-old veteran touched on a word that he and his fellow Pearl Harbor survivors hear often. When discussing his long Marine Corps career, Hughes shrugs off being called a hero, instead claiming it “was just part of the job.” Hughes served in the […]
  • Battleship Missouri at Pearl Harbor Exploring the Battleship Missouri - Now that you have your trip to Oahu booked, you can start planning for a trek back in time at the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument and the associated Pearl Harbor Historic Sites. Explore the history surrounding one of the nation’s most devastating days, December 7th, 1941, the day a Japanese […]
  • Did American Sanctions Spur Pearl Harbor? - One hundred and thirty-three days That’s how long the United States had to reconsider the strict sanctions it had placed on Japan in the summer of 1941. On the 134th day, Japan launched a sudden assault on the American naval base at Pearl Harbor, killing over 2,400 Americans and launching the war in the Pacific. […]
  • Battleship Missouri at Pearl Harbor Museum Ships of the US Navy - When a vessel has completed her service with the United States Navy, there are a few different fates that she may face. Some ships are broken down completely and sold to scrap yards around the country. These materials are often used in the construction of new ships, among other uses. Other decommissioned ships, like the USS […]
  • USS Colorado The Battleship That Wasn’t There: USS Colorado - To say that the December 7th, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor was devastating is an understatement, but it actually could have been even worse. The absence of the aircraft aircraft carriers that morning was certainly a lucky break, but there was another member of the fleet that was also missing. Eight battleships were moored along […]
  • USS Pearl Harbor Remembering History – The USS Pearl Harbor - On December 7th, 1941, a striking force of Japanese fighters and bombers flew into Pearl Harbor and began an assault on the naval base and nearby airfields. The devastation of that day became a part of American history. Over the years, the attack on Pearl Harbor has inspired multiple memorials across the United States, and […]
  • US Pacific Fleet The History of the US Pacific Fleet -
  • The Lucky Vessels of Pearl Harbor - Just under 100 ships were stationed at Pearl Harbor when the Japanese flew in and launched a surprise attack on the unsuspecting naval base. While the main targets for attackers were the eight battleships along Battleship Row and in nearby drydocks, that didn’t keep the surrounding vessels safe from Japan’s bombs and torpedoes. With bombs […]
  • Road to Pearl Harbor Opposing the Pearl Harbor Attack: Japan’s Internal Struggle - Looking back at the events that unfolded on December 7th, 1941, it’s reasonable to assume that all Japanese officials were supportive of the surprise attack. While the decision did have widespread support, it was far from unanimous. The attack on the United States came after a trade embargo was placed on vital Japanese imports, threatening […]
  • PH Aerial looking Southwest The Notable Names of Pearl Harbor - Any event that looms as large in the timeline of American history as the attack on Pearl Harbor is bound to leave a number of names and details that define it. From the types of armament used by Japan’s assaulting forces to the American ships targeted and damaged during the attack, there is a lot […]
  • USS Oglala Resurrecting the USS Oglala - On December 7th, 1917, exactly 24 years prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor, the USS Oglala (CM-4) began her service in the US Navy. Over the course of her naval career, the Oglala sailed under three different names, including the USS Massachusetts and the USS Shawmut. During World War I, under the name USS Shawmut, she […]
  • From Incident to Invasion to Pearl Harbor - Not long after World War I ended, Japan was quick to revisit its quarrels with China. The tense cultural history between the two nations has often resulted in conflict. After the First World War, there didn’t seem to be any extended period of peace between the two nations, especially as Japan considered the option of […]
  • The London Naval Conference: A Prelude to Pearl Harbor - Looking at the attack on Pearl Harbor, it’s tempting to say that the catalyst was the trade embargo placed on the Japan by the United States and other Allied nations. The problem with simplifying it down to that one event, however, is that it ignores the years of back and forth between Japan and the […]
  • Aircraft of World War II Iconic Aircraft of World War II - Aerial combat played a huge part in the Second World War, including in the Pacific Theater, which unfolded across multiple islands. From this emphasis on aerial combat, several iconic aerial fighters emerged that were used widely and recognized for their power, speed, and reliability. There were many types of fighters that could be touted as […]
  • Know Before You Go: Restrictions at Pearl Harbor - You’re planning a visit to Pearl Harbor. You’re thrilled to finally see an important piece of American history, but you also know that there are certain responsibilities that come with the privilege. The World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument and associated Pearl Harbor Historic Sites are reminders of a time that the […]
  • Pearl Harbor Battleships The Ultimate Fate of the Battleships of Pearl Harbor - We know that during the attack on Pearl Harbor, there were eight battleships lined up along Battleship Row. The battleships of Pearl Harbor, the main targets of the Imperial Japanese Navy’s striking force, were vital assets of the Pacific Fleet that if lost, would leave the US Navy crippled. Though Japan tried, it wasn’t able […]
  • USS Hull The USS Hull and the Wartime Typhoon - Wartime typhoon isn’t a metaphor for the whirlwind of fighting that engulfed the Pacific and Europe. It refers to an actual typhoon, specifically the one that claimed the USS Hull (DD-350) on December 18th, 1944. The Farragut-class destroyer served her nation well before becoming one of three destroyers to perish not at the hands of the […]
  • The American Aircraft of Pearl Harbor - At 0755 on December 7th, 1941, a striking force of Japanese fighters and bombers flew into Pearl Harbor and decimated the naval base and outlying air fields. The attack came as a complete surprise, robbing the United States of its ability to mount a meaningful counterattack.  In order to ground the American planes and keep […]
  • What Should I Expect When I Visit Pearl Harbor? - The obvious answer, of course, is that you can expect a vast history lesson that walks you through the events of December 7th, 1941, although that’s a pretty broad overview of what awaits you at the naval base on Oahu. Below are some things to be aware of before you set off on your Pearl […]
  • Passing Along History: Donated Artifacts of World War II and Pearl Harbor - The attack on Pearl Harbor occurred over 75 years ago, and most of the survivors who once gathered together to retell their stories have passed away. That leaves most of us with books and online resources to consult in order to satisfy our curiosity about the December 7th, 1941 attack. Some people get the opportunity […]
  • Why the Navy Phased Out Battleships - During the war in the Pacific, the US Navy relied heavily on battleships to fight off the Imperial Japanese Navy. In fact, it was an attack on these impressive war machines that was effectively the reason why we went to war. So why did the Navy decide to cease production and deployment of these mighty […]
  • America’s Fatal Miscalculation - When you have an enemy committed to goals that go against everything you you stand for, one of the worst things you can do is underestimate just how dedicated they may be to their cause. That Japan wanted to take over territories throughout East Asia and the Pacific was not a secret to the United […]
  • Battleship USS Missouri on Call to Duty Tour The USS Missouri: Still Serving the Nation - One ship moored near the Pearl Harbor memorials dedicated to the December 7th, 1941 attack might seem out of place. The USS Missouri (BB-63)—lovingly known as the “Mighty Mo”—is a curious addition to Pearl Harbor because she wasn’t launched until well after the attack took place. After fighting in the last year of the war […]
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